But to form a. I wish my countrymen rather to recommend to our neighbours the example of the British constitution, than to take models from them for the improvement of our own. These professors of the rights of men are so busy in teaching others, that they have not leisure to learn anything themselves; otherwise they would have known that. A state without the means of some change, is without the means of its own conservation. I beg leave to speak of our church establishment, which is the first of our prejudices, not a prejudice destitute of reason, but involving in it profound and extensive wisdom. Read a brief biography about Edmund Burke who fiercely opposed the French Revolution and outlined his feelings in 'Reflections on the Revolution in France'. But Burke takes this expression as so much cant and hypocrisy. The Revolution of France does not astonish me so much as the Revolution of Mr. Burke. Enjoy the best Edmund Burke Quotes at BrainyQuote. What shall be said of the state of things when it is remembered that the writer is a man decried, persecuted, and proscribed; not being much valued, even by his own party, and by half the nation considered as little better than an ingenious madman? One of the main problems with the revolutionaries is that they are wilfully ignorant of the past. A man full of warm speculative benevolence may wish his society otherwise constituted than he finds it; but a good patriot, and a true politician, always considers how he shall make the most of the existing materials of his country. True; if the constitution of a kingdom be a problem of arithmetic. Nothing else is left to you; or rather you have left nothing else to yourselves. He that had made them thus fallible, rewarded them for having in their conduct attended to their nature. Burke expresses skepticism over Price’s congratulations, coming on the heels of the storming of … To give freedom is still more easy. Although this work of our new light and knowledge, did not go to the length, that in all probability it was intended it should be carried; yet I must think, that such treatment of any human creatures must be shocking to any but those who are made for accomplishing revolutions. In his 1790 treatise Reflections on the Revolution in France, English statesman Edmund Burke writes to a young French aristocrat, “The very idea of the fabrication of a new government is enough to fill [the English] with disgust and horror. But in real, living societies, what matters is how man's rights as a member of society are to be secured on a practical basis. There may be situations in which the purely democratic form will become necessary. 71, or to any other badge-ticket. They do not consider their church establishment as convenient, but as essential to their state, not as a thing heterogeneous and separable, something added for accommodation; what they may either keep or lay aside, according to their temporary ideas of convenience. ...all the frauds, impostures, violences, rapines, burnings, murders, confiscations, compulsory paper currencies, and every description of tyranny and cruelty employed to bring about and to uphold this Revolution have their natural effect, that is, to shock the moral sentiments of all virtuous and sober minds. Today, most liberal and conservative accounts of the French Revolution echo at least some of the views of Edmund Burke. Church and state are ideas inseparable in their minds, and scarcely is the one ever mentioned without mentioning the other. Influenced by the inborn feelings of my nature, and not being illuminated by a single ray of this new-sprung modern light, I confess to you, Sir, that the exalted rank of the persons suffering, and particularly the sex, the beauty, and the amiable qualities of the descendant of so many kings and emperors, with the tender age of royal infants, insensible only through infancy and innocence of the cruel outrages to which their parents were exposed, instead of being a subject of exultation, adds not a little to any sensibility on that most melancholy occasion. In the two hundred years since Edmund Burke produced his writings on the French Revolution, the question of how to achieve liberty within a good society has remained a pressing one. We are afraid to put men to live and trade each on his own private stock of reason; because we suspect that this stock in each man is small, and that the individuals would do better to avail themselves of the general bank and capital of nations, and of ages. But in asserting that anything is honourable, we imply some distinction in its favour. But I cannot stop here. It is, to my mind, an erroneous assumption. The nobility and the clergy, the one by profession, the other by patronage, kept learning in existence, even in the midst of arms and confusions, and whilst governments were rather in their causes than formed. If it could be translatedâwhich, from the wit and metaphors and allusions, is almost impossibleâI should think it would be a classic book in all countries, except in, Delighted with Mr. Burke?âyes, so delighted that I have read him twice, and if I were not so old and had not lost my memory, I would try to get his whole book by heart. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Whilst they are possessed by these notions, it is vain to talk to them of the practice of their ancestors, the fundamental laws of their country, the fixed form of a constitution whose merits are confirmed by the solid test of long experience and an increasing public strength and national prosperity. To be attached to the subdivision, to love the little platoon we belong to in society, is the first principle (the germ as it were) of public affections. In the former, they have got an invaluable treasure. They consider it as the foundation of their whole constitution, with which, and with every part of which, it holds an indissoluble union. Yet this is... Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Reflections on the Revolution in France study guide. As the colonists rise on you, the negroes rise on them. We know, and what is better, we feel inwardly, that religion is the basis of civil society, and the source of all good and of all comfort. Quotations “It is now 16 or 17 years since I saw the Queen of France at Versailles, and surely never lighted on this orb, which she hardly seemed to touch, a more delightful vision. Is our monarchy to be annihilated, with all the laws, all the tribunals, and all the antient corporations of the kingdom? Review of Edmund Burke's take on the French Revolution. They present a shorter cut to the object than through the highway of the moral virtues. The consecration of the state by a state religious establishment is necessary also to operate with a wholesome awe upon free citizens; because, in order to secure their freedom, they must enjoy some determinate portion of power. 2, ch. Poets who have to deal with an audience not yet graduated in the school of the rights of men and who must apply themselves to the moral constitution of the heart would not dare to produce such a triumph as a matter of exultation. Prefatory material such as this was commonplace for both non-fictional as well as fictional works by British writers of … But in some things they are men of the world. Never was there, I suppose, a work so valuable in its kind, or that displayed powers of so extraordinary a sort. . . Property is vigilant, active, sleepless; if ever it seems to slumber, be sure that one eye is open. I give you opinions which have been accepted amongst us, from very early times to this moment, with a continued and general approbation, and which indeed are worked into my mind, that I am unable to distinguish what I have learned from others from the results of my own meditation. The arguments of tyranny are as contemptible as its force is dreadful. I saw her just above the horizon, decorating and cheering the elevated sphere she just began to move in,âglittering like the morning star, full of life and splendor, and joy. The question is upon the method of procuring and administering them. It requires a deep knowledge of human nature and human necessities, and of the things which facilitate or obstruct the various ends which are to be pursued by the mechanism of civil institutions. He is often regarded as the philosophical founder of Anglo-American Conservatism. He was certainly a friend of America, and he opposed many of the policies of the British government that he felt were driving the colonists to rebellion. He accepts the need for change in any system of government. I should be led to my remedy by a great grievance. Happy if learning, not debauched by ambition, had been satisfied to continue the instructor, and not aspired to be the master! You had all these advantages in your antient states; but you chose to act as if you had never been moulded into civil society, and had every thing to begin anew. What he doesn't accept is radical change, change made according to abstract ideas of liberty that come from nowhere and can be successfully applied nowhere. Speaking in a parliamentary debate on the prohibition on the export of grain on 16 November 1770, Burke argued in favour of a free market in corn: "There are no such things as a high, & a low price that is encouraging, & discouraging; there is nothing but a natural price, which grain brings at an universal market". Abstract rights belong in minds given to metaphysical speculation or in the pages of a book. Reflections on the Revolution in France content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. In the process of condemning the French Revolution, Burke articulated a defense of traditional life which can equip classical educators with a vocabulary to philosophically ground their educational endeavors. It ought to be translated into all languages, and commented, and preached in all churches in portionsâpray, has not. You will smile here at the consistency of those democratists who, when they are not on their guard, treat the humbler part of the community with the greatest contempt, whilst, at the same time they pretend to make them the depositories of all power. Believe me, Sir, those who attempt to level, never equalize. The French revolutionaries, as with all political radicals, talk a lot about "The People." No part of life would retain its acquisitions. People will not look forward to posterity, who never look backward to their ancestors. To avoid therefore the evils of inconstancy and versatility, ten thousand times worse than those of obstinacy and the blindest prejudice, we have consecrated the state, that no man should approach to look into its defects or corruptions but with due caution; that he should never dream of beginning its reformation by its subversion; that he should approach to the faults of the state as to the wounds of a father, with pious awe and trembling solicitude. You can have all the charters, bills, and documents of human rights you want, but none of them will be able to satisfy the rights of individuals within a specific society. We formerly have had a. Along with its natural protectors and guardians, learning will be cast into the mire and trodden down under the hoofs of, France has always more or less influenced manners in England. The rest is our own. Are the church lands to be sold to Jews and jobbers or given to bribe new-invented municipal republics into a participation in sacrilege? He never will glory in belonging to the Checquer, No. Burke's book is diffuse and flowery, like his speeches, talks of various very uninteresting things, but it is what is called a fine piece of eloquence and a splendid exercise of talents. When our neighbour’s house is on ﬁre it can’t be wrong to have the ﬁre-engines to play a little on our own. I would not exclude alteration neither; but even when I changed, it should be to preserve. Quotations by Edmund Burke, Irish Statesman, Born January 12, 1729. One would think, that the author of such a work, would be called to the government of his country, by the combined voices of every man in it. Such descriptions of men ought not to suffer oppression from the state; but the state suffers oppression if such as they, either individually or collectively, are permitted to rule. Even the clergy are to receive their miserable allowance out of the depreciated paper which is stamped with the indelible character of sacrilege, and with the symbols of their own ruin, or they must starve. "Property is sluggish and inert." To those who have observed the spirit of their conduct, it has long been clear that nothing was wanted but the power of carrying the intolerance of the tongue and of the pen into a persecution which would strike at property, liberty, and life. Such divisions of our country as have been formed by habit, and not by a sudden jerk of authority, were so many little images of the great country in which the heart found something which it could fill. He strongly opposed the French Revolution. Superstition is the religion of feeble minds. ... To this the answer is, We will send troops. It is boasted, that the geometrical policy has been adopted, that all local ideas should be sunk, and that the people should no longer be Gascons, Picards, Bretons, Normans, but Frenchmen, with one country, one heart, and one Assembly. Society is indeed a contract. As it was not made for common abuses, so it is not to be agitated by common minds. If the last generations of your country appeared without much lustre in your eyes, you might have passed them by and derived your claims from a more early race of ancestors. The resources of intrigue are called in to supply the defects of argument and wit. It is now sixteen or seventeen years since I saw the queen of France, then the dauphiness, at Versailles; and surely never lighted on this orb, which she hardly seemed to touch, a more delightful vision. They are not, I think, without some causes of apprehension and complaint; but these they do not owe to their constitution, but to their own conduct. Thence they were conducted into the capital of their kingdom. The imposition of radical change tears up government and society by the roots, leading to violent disorder and chaos. Edmund Burke condemned the French Revolution as a “digest of anarchy.” What relevance does his critique have for the modern libertarian movement? Not being wholly unread in the authors, who had seen the most of those constitutions, and who best understood them, I cannot help concurring with their opinion, that an absolute democracy, no more than absolute monarchy, is to be reckoned among the legitimate forms of government. But what demonstration could scarcely have established before, less than the hints of. His pamphlet came out this day sennight, and is far superior to what was expected, even by his warmest admirers. How the Devil could your friend Burke publish such a Farrago of Nonsense? If they find what they seek, and they seldom fail, they think it more wise to continue the prejudice, with the reason involved, than to cast away the coat of prejudice and to leave nothing but the naked reason; because prejudice, with its reason, has a motive to give action to that reason, and an affection which will give it permanence. No such thing, I assure you. I wish I could believe the latter proceeded from as pure motives as the former. This it is which makes the constitution of a state and the due distribution of its powers a matter of the most delicate and complicated skill. Reﬂections on the Revolution in France Edmund Burke Part 1 on mountains and to wage war with heaven itself. What is the use of discussing a man's abstract right to food or medicine? I have this moment finished the gospel of St. Edmund, which your enthusiastic encomium had given me additional curiosity to read. They have "the rights of men". Every word should be printed in gold and I trust it will expose the vices and follies of dangerous Mad men. Many conservatives have assumed that Edmund Burke was opposed to the American Revolution. Rage and phrenzy will pull down more in half an hour than prudence, deliberation, and foresight can build up in a hundred years. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. The levellers, therefore, only change and pervert the natural order of things; they load the edifice of society by setting up in the air what the solidity of the structure requires to be on the ground. Whatever its own stated purposes and desired ends, the French Revolution never sought to better the condition of humanity or even of France. You see, Sir, that in this enlightened age I am bold enough to confess, that we are generally men of untaught feelings; that instead of casting away all our old prejudices, we cherish them to a very considerable degree, and, to take more shame to ourselves, we cherish them because they are prejudices; and the longer they have lasted and the more generally they have prevailed, the more we cherish them. In that deliberation I shall always advise to call in the aid of the farmer and the physician rather than the professor of metaphysics. It is a work that may seem capable of overturning the National Assembly, and turning the stream of opinion throughout Europe. In what I did, I should follow the example of our ancestors. By early 1791, two years after the fall of the Bastille, the rattle and hum of the French revolution was well under way. Discussion of themes and motifs in Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France. The enemies to property at first pretended a most tender, delicate, and scrupulous anxiety for keeping the king's engagements with the public creditor. Under a pious predilection to those ancestors, your imaginations would have realized in them a standard of virtue and wisdom, beyond the vulgar practice of the hour: and you would have risen with the example to whose imitation you aspired. Is episcopacy to be abolished? The question is upon the method of procuring and administering them. The Chancellor of France, at the opening of the states, said, in a tone of oratorical flourish, that all occupations were honourable. The Revolution of France does not astonish me so much as the Revolution of Mr. Burke. Burke is especially critical of the punitive treatment of the clergy and the nobility … We begin our public affections in our families. Overview. The Revolutionaries, as Edmund Burke stressed, were radicals, seeking civil war not only in France, but also in all of Christendom. By this wise prejudice we are taught to look with horror on those children of their country who are prompt rashly to hack that aged parent in pieces, and put him into the kettle of magicians, in hopes that by their poisonous weeds, and wild incantations, they may regenerate the paternal constitution, and renovate their father's life. The antients were better acquainted with them. Change must be gradual, cautious, and piecemeal. Already confederacies and correspondences of the most extraordinary nature are forming in several countries. How did Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke improve democracy? It was written by Edmund Burke, who offers a strong criticism of the French Revolution. The vanity, restlessness, petulance, and spirit of intrigue, of several petty cabals, who attempt to hide their total want of consequence in bustle and noise, and puffing, and mutual quotation of each other, makes you imagine that our contemptuous neglect of their abilities is a mark of general acquiescence in their opinions. It is to be looked on with other reverence; because it is not a partnership in things subservient only to the gross animal existence of a temporary and perishable nature. Share with your friends. There may be some (very few, and very particularly circumstanced) where it would be clearly desirable. It is not necessary to guide; it only requires to let go the rein. It is sublime, profound, and gay. But whatever kings might have been here or elsewhere a thousand years ago, or in whatever manner the ruling dynasties of England or France may have begun, the king of Great Britain is, at this day, king by a fixed rule of succession according to the laws of his country; and whilst the legal conditions of the compact of sovereignty are performed by him (as they are performed), he holds his crown in contempt of the choice of the, A few years after this period, a second opportunity offered for asserting a right of election to the crown. The real people, the actual flesh-and-blood people of France, are despised by the revolutionaries for their attachment to custom, tradition, and religion. They think it rather the corruption and degeneracy, than the sound constitution of a republic. In what chapter of your code of the rights of men are they able to read that it is a part of the rights of men to have their commerce monopolized and restrained for the benefit of others? 1 In its proclamation of Jacobinism, Atheism, and Regicide, the French Revolution … Edmund Burke was a seasoned veteran of the British House of Commons and a political theorist and orator of great repute. Better to be despised for undue anxiety than ruined by undue conﬁdence. Quite the contrary. E. J. Payne, writing in 1875, said that none of them “is now held in any account” except Sir James Mackintosh’s Vindicia… Let us imitate their caution, if we wish to deserve their fortune, or to retain their bequests. They come from one who has been no tool of power, no flatterer of greatness; and who in his last acts does not wish to belye the tenor of his life. These Atheistical fathers have a bigotry of their own; and they have learned to talk against monks with the spirit of a monk. The love to the whole is not extinguished by this subordinate partiality. “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.” … It is said that twenty-four millions ought to prevail over two hundred thousand. To them therefore a religion connected with the state, and with their duty towards it, becomes even more necessary than in such societies, where the people by the terms of their subjection are confined to private sentiments, and the management of their own family concerns. I see the National Assembly openly reprobate the doctrine of prescription, which. There are indeed rights, but as Burke is at great pains to point out, they only emerge within specific social and historical circumstances. But what demonstration could scarcely have established before, less than the hints of Dr. Priestley and Mr. Paine establish firmly now. Burke poses this question at the start of Reflections on the Revolution in France, when he responds to Reverend Price’s admiration of the National Assembly’s triumphant attainment of liberties during the French Revolution. The question of dethroning or, if these gentlemen like the phrase better, "cashiering kings" will always be, as it has always been, an extraordinary question of state, and wholly out of the law; a question (like all other questions of state) of dispositions and of means and of probable consequences rather than of positive rights. Edmund Burke and the American Revolution In some quarters, Edmund Burke is counted as a supporter of the Americans during the Revolutionary War. Many parts of Europe are in open disorder. His pamphlet is a response to those who agreed with the revolution and saw it as representing a new era of liberty and equality. In such a state of things we ought to hold ourselves upon our guard. I own myself entirely of Mrs. Montagu's opinion about Mr. Burke's book; it is the noblest, deepest, most animated, and exalted work that I think I have ever read. Unlike the elites of the ancien regime, however, this new elite rules exclusively in its own interests, hiding their self-serving hypocrisy behind a revolutionary slogan. This king, to say no more of him, and this queen, and their infant children (who once would have been the pride and hope of a great and generous people) were then forced to abandon the sanctuary of the most splendid palace in the world, which they left swimming in blood, polluted by massacre and strewed with scattered limbs and mutilated carcasses. Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France, first published in 1790, is written as a letter to a French friend of Burke’s family, Charles-Jean-François Depont, who requests Burke’s opinion of the French Revolution to date.Burke is a well-connected politician and political theorist of the late … I almost venture to affirm that not one in a hundred amongst us participates in the "triumph" of the Revolution Society. Along with much evil, there is some good in monarchy itself; and some corrective to its evil, from religion, from laws, from manners, from opinions, the French monarchy must have received; which rendered it (though by no means a free, and therefore by no means a good constitution) a despotism rather in appearance than in reality. These two gentlemen, with all the parade of an execution of justice, were cruelly and publicly dragged to the block and beheaded in the great court of the palace. But the moment in which that event shall happen, the person who really commands the army is your master; the master (that is little) of your king, the master of your Assembly, the master of your whole republic. This principle runs through the whole system of their polity. Already a member? Who would insure a tender and delicate sense of honour to beat almost with the first pulses of the heart, when no man could know what would be the test of honour in a nation, continually varying the standard of its coin? In the weakness of one kind of authority, and in the fluctuation of all, the officers of an army will remain for some time mutinous and full of faction, until some popular general, who understands the art of conciliating the soldiery, and who possesses the true spirit of command, shall draw the eyes of all men upon himself. Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Cambridge University Press edition of Reflections on the Revolution in France published in 2014. So violent an outrage upon credit, property, and liberty, as this compulsory paper currency, has seldom been exhibited by the alliance of bankruptcy and tyranny, at any time, or in any nation. No man ever was attached by a sense of pride, partiality, or real affection, to a description of square measurement. It is a partnership in all science; a partnership in all art; a partnership in every virtue and in all perfection. A politic caution, a guarded circumspection, a moral rather than a complexional timidity were among the ruling principles of our forefathers in their most decided conduct. We have not been drawn and trussed, in order that we may be filled, like stuffed birds in a museum, with chaff and rags and paltry blurred shreds of paper about the rights of men. ...the theatre is a better school of moral sentiments than churches, where the feelings of humanity are thus outraged. They would soon see that criminal means once tolerated are soon preferred. I speak of it first. Our people will find employment enough for a truly patriotic, free, and independent spirit, in guarding what they possess, from violation. By this unprincipled facility of changing the state as often, and as much, and in as many ways as there are floating fancies or fashions, the whole chain and continuity of the commonwealth would be broken. There is ground enough for the opinion that all the kingdoms of Europe were, at a remote period, elective, with more or fewer limitations in the objects of choice. Every thing depends upon the army in such a government as yours; for you have industriously destroyed all the opinions, and prejudices, and, as far as in you lay, all the instincts which support government. Explain the following quote: "Society is indeed a contract. You lay down metaphysic propositions which infer universal consequences, and then you attempt to limit logic by despotism. Nothing is more certain than that our manners, our civilization, and all the good things which are connected with manners and with civilization have, in this European world of ours, depended for ages upon two principles and were, indeed, the result of both combined: I mean the spirit of a gentleman and the spirit of religion. If he meant only that no honest employment was disgraceful, he would not have gone beyond the truth. Is every landmark of the country to be done away in favour of a geometrical and arithmetical constitution? I think our happy situation owing to our constitution; but owing to the whole of it; and not to any part singly; owing in a great measure to what we have left standing in our several reviews and reformations, as well as to what we have altered or superadded. It is on some such principles that the majority of the people of England, far from thinking a religious, national establishment unlawful, hardly think it lawful to be without one. Incredibly insightful Edmund Burke quotes will help you to … Mr. Burkeâno mean authorityâpublished a book on the French Revolution, almost every sentence of which, however canvassed and disputed at the time, has been justified by the course of subsequent events; and almost every prophecy has been strictly fulfilled. For a great treatment of the whole revolution listen to Mike Duncan's Revolutions podcast. In France you are wholly mistaken if you do not believe us above all other things attached to it, and beyond all other nations. The punishment of real tyrants is a noble and awful act of justice; and it has with truth been said to be consolatory to the human mind. This sort of people are so taken up with their theories about the rights of man that they have totally forgotten his nature. As the ends of such a partnership cannot be obtained in many generations, it becomes a partnership not only between those who are living, but between those who are living, those who are dead, and those who are to be born. Simon Schama’s masterful chronicle of the French Revolution, Citizens, argues that the Revolution attempted to create two entities, “a potent … Nothing turns out to be so oppressive and unjust as a feeble government. "The People," as with every aspect of the revolutionaries' ideas, is wholly abstract, nothing more than an ideal, an exercise in empty political rhetoric. On November 4, 1789, Burke wrote to Charles-Jean-François Depont in France: “You may have subverted Monarchy, but not recover’d freedom.” He publicly condemned the French Revolution in Parliament, February 9, 1790: “The French had shewn themselves the ablest architects of ruin that had hitherto … Section 1 Quotes I flatter myself that I love a manly, moral, regulated liberty as well as any gentleman of that society, be he who he will […] Tenderness to individuals is considered as treason to the public. I wish I could believe the latter proceeded from as pure motives as the former. Men would become little better than the flies of a summer. Subordinate contracts for objects of mere occasional interest may be dissolved at pleasureâbut the state ought not to be considered as nothing better than a partnership agreement in a trade of pepper and coffee, calico or tobacco, or some other such low concern, to be taken up for a little temporary interest, and to be dissolved by the fancy of the parties. The last reason of kings, is always the first with your Assembly. Here are 22 Edmund Burke quotes that still resonate today. Edmund Burke’s views of the unfolding revolution in France changed during the course of 1789. Is the House of Lords to be voted useless? The state is to have recruits to its strength, and remedies to its distempers. Such must be the consequences of losing, in the splendour of these triumphs of the rights of men, all natural sense of wrong and right. But instead of being all Frenchmen, the greater likelihood is that the inhabitants of that region will shortly have no country. Justifying perfidy and murder for public benefit, public benefit would soon become the pretext, and perfidy and murder the end, until rapacity, malice, revenge, and fear more dreadful than revenge could satiate their insatiable appetites. Let us add, if we please, but let us preserve what they have left; and, standing on the firm ground of the British constitution, let us be satisfied to admire rather than attempt to follow in their desperate flights the aeronauts of France. We pass on to our neighbourhoods, and our habitual provincial connections. However, I considered that treasure rather as a possession to be secured than as a prize to be contended for. He delivers a largely negative verdict on the Revolution, criticizing it severely for its excesses and incoherent implementation. Many of our men of speculation, instead of exploding general prejudices, employ their sagacity to discover the latent wisdom which prevails in them. He was a strong supporter of the American colonies, and a staunch opponent of the French Revolution. I reprobate no form of government merely upon abstract principles. Unlike the Glorious Revolution of 1688 or the American Revolution of 1776, both of which Burke supports as revolutions “within a tradition”, he conceives the French upheaval as a complete “revolution in sentiments, manners, and moral opinions”. Abstract rights are utterly meaningless to Burke, and the French Revolution is especially iniquitous for having been founded on such abstractions. But Burke takes this expression as so much cant and hypocrisy. We have compiled some notable quotable quotations by Edmund Burke which are till date quoted extensively. You'll get access to all of the Two had been selected from the unprovoked, unresisted, promiscuous slaughter, which was made of the gentlemen of birth and family who composed the king's body guard. This sort of discourse does well enough with the lamp-post for its second; to men who.